Treatment of stomach and duodenal ulcer with medicines

August 26, 2017 23:00 | Home Treatment

Antibiotics( in mg) twice daily( weekly course):

  • Clarithromycin( 500);
  • Amoxicillin( 1000);
  • Metronidazole, also known as Trichopol( 500).

Important! Such therapy can last up to 2 weeks depending on the bacterial density of the colony and in 90% of cases ends with recovery.

Over time, the bacterium has learned to adapt to the conditions under which it is being treated.This requires the use of additional antibiotics, lengthening the course of therapy.

Symptomatic treatment

This type of treatment is used to relieve the negative manifestations of the disease, alleviate discomfort, temporarily relieve the patient of pain without affecting its roots.

Before the discovery of the main pathogenetic factor in the formation of gastrointestinal ulcers( Helicobacter pylori bacteria), doctors around the world circled around the consequences, not knowing the reasons.

However, this therapeutic method continues to live among specialists.She accompanies the main course of treatment - bacterial eradication.But

it can be used separately.With what do we deal with the symptomatic treatment of stomach and duodenum ulcers?

Drugs that suppress the secretory work of the digestive tract

At the dawn of the 20th century it was believed that the appearance of the disease caused hydrochloric acid produced in the stomach.But by itself it does not destroy the mucous membranes.Bacteria - that's what erosizes the protective layer of the inner shell of the stomach or duodenum.And the acid, penetrating into the "wound", unwittingly becomes an accomplice of the harmful work of the microorganism.This translates the disease into a rank of acid-dependent.

However, in those days, the treatment scheme for ulcers differed from the current one, and the scientists insisted on reducing the acidity concentrate and reducing the amount of juice produced by the stomach.These functions were assumed by the following drug groups:

  • antacids;
  • proton pump inhibitors;
  • M-cholinolytics;
  • H2-blockers.

By acting on the cells, glands and receptors of the digestive tract, these drugs block their action, achieving a reduction in both the concentration and the amount of secretory fluid.

Antacids

Everyone knows the usual baking soda.But not many know that for the stomach this white powder becomes an antacid - a drug that reduces the acid level.This effect can be achieved adsorbing properties of substances contained in antacids: magnesium, calcium, aluminum.The antacids include:

  • Maalox;
  • diamond;
  • alum.

Important! If you take this group of medicines often, you run the risk of diarrhea.

Proton pump inhibitors

A well-known representative of this group of drugs that inhibit the production of gastric juice is omeprazole( "Omez").It is taken in the form of a powder and inhibits the secretion process in the stomach.Other drug variants:

  • esomeprazole;
  • rabeprazole.

Important! There is a rich list of side effects.Can cause nausea, depression, constipation.

M-holinolitiki

Block the production of gastric juice.Examples of this group of drugs are:

  • atropine;
  • platyphylline;
  • PIRENSIN.

Important! With the reception of such drugs, the following side effects are associated: palpitation, tachycardia, dizziness.

H2-blockers

The most popular are:

  • cimetidine;
  • ranitidine;
  • famotidine.

Important! Remember about the side effects: dizziness, nausea, lowering blood pressure.

Drugs that suppress the secretion of gastric juice for a long time, are used in the practice of treating the stomach and duodenum.They help to get rid of heartburn, bloating, pain and other unpleasant sensations.However, with ulceration, the intake of these medicines will have to become a habit, because the symptoms with which they struggle will periodically return.

Gastroprotectors

The main task performed by the drugs of this group is the creation of a protective film covering the ulcer.Thus, the diseased site will be blocked from the destructive effects of bacteria and gastric juice.

For ulcer patients successfully used:

  • bismuth tricalium dicitrate( "De-nol");
  • sucralfate;
  • bismuth subnitrate;
  • alginic acid.

Despite the fact that most of these drugs are classified as antacids, they can still be singled out as a separate group because of the particular effect on the wall of the stomach.Produced in the form of tablets with a shell.

De-nos with gastric ulcer

Important! Learn how to treat a stomach ulcer at home.

Sedatives

Often doctors can hear that peptic ulcer develops against a background of constant stress and nervous overexcitation.In order to eliminate this adverse factor in the treatment of the disease, doctors use sedative or sedative medications.In general, these are herbal medicines:

  • valocordin;
  • Corvalol;
  • validol.

Important! Sedation drugs almost do not cause side effects.

Analgesics

Non-narcotic analgesics are often prescribed as an additional medicine in the main course of therapy.To remove painful symptoms help:

  • analgin;
  • Paracetamol;
  • ibuprofen.

They are also used to relieve the inflammatory process and lower the temperature - frequent signs of peptic ulcer.

Analgin will relieve stomach ulcers

Important! The gastric mucosa responds individually to this kind of medication.Apply them paired with gastroprotectors.

Vitamins

Vitamins will be a great help in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders.They contribute to the regeneration of the mucous membranes, lowering the pH of the gastric juice and its quantity, tone the peristalsis.It is worth paying attention to the following:

  • vitamin U;
  • vitamin B5.

Important! These vitamins are found in yolk, carrots, dairy products, sesame.

Vitamin U with stomach ulcer

Prostaglandins

Hormonal substances involved in many functions of the human body.Follow the blood pressure, reduce the acidity of gastric juice.

Violation of these substances can cause the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs( NSAIDs) and lead to an ulcer, even if you are not a carrier of the Helicobacter pylori bacterium.

Important! The classic representative of NSAIDs is aspirin.

Physicians have learned how to create prostaglandins in the laboratory and apply them to ulcer patients.The list of these products that have a beneficial effect includes:

  • misoprostol;
  • enprostil;
  • riopoprostil;
  • timoprostil.

They protect the cells of the digestive tract, suppress the intensity of gastric secretion, improve the properties of the inner shell of the organ and the process of its healing.

Misoprostol for stomach ulcers

Important! Of side effects: vomiting, diarrhea, migraines.

Synaptic prostaglandins in our country are allowed to sell misoprostol.

Conservative treatment of peptic ulcer diseases with medicines coexists and goes along with physiotherapy, therapeutic gymnastics, phytotherapy, diet.Do not self-medicate.Use medicines only after consulting a doctor and with his permission.