Psoriatic Erythroderma: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment Methods

August 17, 2017 23:00 | Psoriasis

In relation to one of the forms of psoriasis, psoriatic erythroderma is expressed in the defeat of the upper layer of the epidermis in the form of reddening areas that merge with each other and cause a lot of inconvenience to the patient.The peculiarity of the disease is the complexity of its treatment, but there are a number of medical measures that ensure the speedy recovery and improvement of the general condition.

Features of the disease

As a specific form of psoriasis, psoriatic erythroderma is complex both in diagnosis and in treatment.Specific symptomatology allows you to make a preliminary diagnosis, however, for more precise definition of the form of the disease, additional diagnostic measures are recommended.

There is no complete disposal of this form of skin lesion at the moment, however, with the use of drugs that stop the pathological process and accelerate the restoration of the upper layer of the epidermis.The systematic treatment and the use of the right techniques to improve the ove

rall condition, largely affects the improvement of the skin. Also important are the observance of diet and proper selection of the menu, exclusion of strong and prolonged stressful situations, as well as regular examination with a dermatologist.

Psoriatic-erythroderma

Psoriatic-erythroderma

Classification of psoriatic erythroderma

Today, there is a generally accepted classification of the disease, based on the symptoms and manifestations of the disease.

The psoriatic erythroderma is divided into two main types:

  1. generalized type , which is characterized by abundant eruptions for the most part of the body surface.With this form of the disease, the upper surface of the skin is covered with tiny dry scales that have a silvery tint and easily separate from the body.Under them the skin is more red, often inflamed and prone to bleeding at the slightest mechanical effects, which is due to the close location of blood vessels and capillaries to its surface.With this form of the disease there is no puffiness of the tissues, no abundant hair loss and active stratification of the nail plates;
  2. Hyperergic type of the disease is expressed in a more obvious symptomatology, with the tissues of the upper layer of the epidermis swelling, life processes are disrupted, resulting in hair loss.Severe itching, persistent burning of the skin, redness and peeling accompany this form of the disease, and the symptoms are constantly activated and the manifestations of the disease increasingly affect the surface of the body.

If any of these forms are joined by a change in skin composition and the exponent of herdness increases, then on the upper layer pustules begin to form, which heal slowly and in their place often there are small ulcers.After a while they dry up and can completely disappear, but after a certain period of time they appear again.This kind of disease is called psumbiasis Tsumbusha psoriasis.

The reasons for the appearance of psoriatic erythroderma in the medical history will be described in the video below:

Causes of

Today, there are no exact reasons for the onset and development of psoriatic erythroderma.However, the following factors relate to provoking factors that may give rise to its occurrence:

  • uncontrolled and excessive intake of medications;
  • lack of a clear diet and day;
  • frequent and prolonged stress;
  • is an environmentally unfriendly stop in the area of ‚Äč‚Äčaccommodation;
  • bad habits, for example, alcoholism.

A medical proven factor is that this form of erythroderma is a genetic disease that is inherited.Therefore, the hereditary factor should also be taken into account: if any of the relatives had any form of psoriasis, then the appearance of psoriatic erythroderma will be quite real, especially if there is any provoking factor.

Symptoms of

When psoriatic erythroderma occurs, the upper layer of the epidermis gradually desiccates, resulting in the formation of the smallest particles of gray and silver color that fly away from the skin with a light touch.Itching occurs in the early stages of the disease, then it becomes worse, burning of the skin is observed.

Under the upper, dry layer of the epidermis, the skin gradually acquires a red color, bleeding easily occurs, places with inflammatory processes appear.With further development of the disease, the upper layer of the skin begins to peel off layers, while the protective functions of the epidermis are largely lost.The skin becomes more sensitive, the overall body temperature rises.When you touch the areas affected by the disease, you feel a fever.

Further progression leads to an increase in lymph nodes, inflammation processes occur more often.There may be a peeling of the nails, hair begins to fall out.

Psoriatic erythroderma in the patient

Psoriaticheskaya-eritrodermiya-foto

Diagnosis

The disease can be diagnosed already with an external examination of the patient.Changes in the condition of the skin, increasing its sensitivity and loss of protective functions - all this is established when conducting a survey of skin conditions.

Treatment

Unfortunately, to date, there is no treatment method that completely eliminates the symptoms of psoriatic erythroderma and restores normal functioning of the skin. However, a number of medical measures can stabilize the condition.

Therapeutic methods

Depending on the general condition of the patient, it can be treated on an outpatient basis at the first signs of the disease or hospitalized.Therapy should be carried out in a complex way: this is how the measures taken can bring relief to the patient and improve the skin condition.

A prerequisite for improving the condition is the normalization of the food system and the regime of the day. However, it is important to use a complex of drugs, whose action is aimed at restoring the protective functions of the skin.

Medications

In the treatment of psoriatic erythroderma, the following drugs are used:

  • Cyclosporin;
  • Methotrexate;
  • Acitretin.

During treatment, it should be remembered that a sharp discontinuation of taking steroid medications can trigger an exacerbation of the manifestations of the disease.

Operation

During hospitalization, the first direction in treatment is the normalization of the body's overall temperature, the elimination of inflammatory processes on the skin.For this, cooling compresses and special ointments are used.The operative intervention is shown only in the most neglected cases, when drug treatment does not bring any visible results.

About what can and what should not be done with the development of erythroderma and psoriasis, we will tell below.

Prevention of the disease

Psoriatic-erythroderma-1 Since the disease is most often transmitted genetically, it can be very difficult to prevent it if there is a genetic predisposition.

  • However, adherence to such simple recommendations as the rejection of bad habits, the establishment of a healthy daily routine and nutrition, will minimize the possibility of the occurrence of psoriatic erythroderma, as well as avoid its aggravation.
  • Also, it will never be superfluous to follow a diet for psoriatic erythroderma.

For possible complications of psoriasis and erythroderma, see below.

Complications

With an inadequate or incorrectly chosen method of treatment, a gradual progression of the pathological process that begins to affect the deeper layers of the skin is likely.

  • This is fraught with complete loss of protective functions of the skin, susceptibility to various diseases.
  • Lethal outcome is likely in the last stages of the disease.

Forecast

Psoriatic erythroderma may not have a pronounced effect on health for a long time;At the initial stages of the disease, only external signs are noted, which can not significantly affect the overall well-being. However, exacerbation of the disease entails a negative effect on the skin condition, on many functions of the body.The prognosis for the initial stages of the disease is very optimistic, however, a correction of the dietary system and lifestyle is required.