Ostiophalliculitis: causes, methods of treatment and diagnosis, prognosis
Ostiophalliculitis, known among medical workers, as staphylococcal impetigo.This disease is an inflammation of the upper part of the sebaceous gland, the hair follicle.Inflammatory process is usually provoked by penetration into the body of staphylococcus aureus.On the skin integuments / single pustules are formed, of small size.
Pustules are not characterized by peripheral growth, fusion.This disease often manifests itself in such areas of the body: shin, face, neck, hips, forearms, scalp, on the penis.In this article we will consider treatment, symptoms of ostiofolliculitis in children and adults, tell you whether it is contagious or not, provide photos of patients, give you useful tips.
Features of the disease
Dermatologists consider the purulent-inflammatory disease of the skin as a group of "pyoderma."It affects people of different age groups. Still, it is noted that in children this pathology is more common. According to the data of pediatric dermatology, the disease affects the epithelium on
- insect bites;
In men, the lesion is usually localized in such areas:
Inflammation of the follicles becomes a more dangerous inflammatory process, represented by sycosis.
More details about pyoderma, including ostiofolliculitis, will be explained by a specialist in the video below:
This disease was diagnosed by specialists in 2 stages:
- Appearance of redness around the hair.
- Formation of pustules.
Staphylococcal impetigo Bokhart dermatologists are treated as a separate clinical form.This form of the disease is characterized by a marked increase in the size of the pustules( they reach the size of a pea).In the center of each such formation there is a push hair.Impetigo Bokharta more often affects the back side of the hands.It can develop as a complication of scabies.
Let's talk about the causes of osteoploculitis further.
Ostiophalliculitis causes staphylococcus aureus( golden, white).Staphylococci present on the epidermis of healthy people, without causing them any disease, inflammation.To penetrate into the mouth of the sebaceous glands these representatives of saprophyte microflora can with reduced immunity.In a weakened organism, active reproduction of staphylococcus begins with:
- infectious disease( measles, hepatitis, tuberculosis, meningitis);
- somatic diseases( myocarditis, bronchitis, renal failure, pneumonia, pyelonephritis);
- diabetes mellitus.
Staphylococcus reproduces perfectly under the following conditions:
- inadequate hygiene;
- increased sweating;
- traumatization of the skin( shaving, maceration, friction);
- increased skin pH;
- increased secretion of sebaceous glands.
Symptoms of ostiofolliculitis
The development of ostiophalliculitis begins with reddening at the outlet of the flow of the hair follicle, the sebaceous gland.
- Already at the onset of the inflammatory process, the patient feels pain, which is markedly increased by pressing on the reddening that has formed.
- Later, the redness changes into a pustule, around which an inflammatory corona is visible.The pustule is represented by a conical formation, the tip of which has a characteristic yellow color.Its diameter reaches 5 mm, and in the center there is a hair.
- There is no increase in the formed pustule in diameter.Very quickly, literally for 3 - 5 days, it dries up, the formed crust has a brown color.After the fall of the crust, there is a temporary pigmentation, not very bright.
Multiple eruptions of ostiofolliculitis. They can be grouped or disaggregated.Localized inflammation in those areas that are more often exposed to the environment, pollution( hips, neck, lower legs, arms to the elbows, face).
It is possible to detect the disease during normal inspection.If you notice several pustules on the skin( scattered / grouped), you need to contact a dermatologist.The exact diagnosis is based on a simple examination, as well as on the data of dermatoscopy, which consists in examining the elements of the rashes under magnification.
The staphylococcal nature of the disease, the superficial nature of the inflammatory process is indicated by conical form of pustules, pus on the top of the follicle, infiltration around the pustules.To accurately determine the cause of the disease is necessary:
- determination of skin pH;
- blood for sterility;
Differential diagnostics is mandatory.The disease must be differentiated with the following diseases:
- deep folliculitis;
- streptococcal impetigo.
Now let's find out how to treat ostiofolliculitis, from the video below:
Therapy for osteoplokulitis should be performed on an outpatient basis.Very effective is antibacterial treatment.It is carried out by means of antiseptic agents.In addition to drug therapy, a significant effect is provided by traditional medicine.
This pyoinflammatory disease is treated with the following methods:
- Conducting local antibiotic therapy.
- Opening pustules, extracting their contents( only with single pustules).
- Conducting local UFO-therapy.
- Antibiotic therapy( if the disease recurs).
- Increased immunity in various ways.
In addition to the use of antiseptic, antibacterial drugs, the treatment of ostiofolliculitis requires the enhancement of the immune system.Strengthening of immunity is achieved through the following physiotherapeutic procedures:
- VLOK( laser irradiation of blood);
- UFOK( ultraviolet irradiation of blood);
- general UFO-therapy;
Around the pustule, it is recommended to treat the skin with boric alcohol.General antibiotic therapy is necessary in case of recurrence of the disease.
And now we will find out which ointment is better for ostiophalliculitis.
By medicamentous method
In the treatment of pyoinflammatory disease the following remedies are very effective:
- "Permanganate calcium solution".
- "Methylene blue".
- "Brilliant green".
Also dermatologists advise to use antibacterial ointments:
Baneocin, supirocin and triderm also received good reviews in the treatment of ostiofolliculitis.
If the rash is represented by single elements, specialists can open the pustules, then clean them from pus.
Prevention of the disease
The main preventive method is the observance of personal hygiene. It is very important to take good care of the skin.Also, the prevention of this disease, its relapse involves:
- Wearing protective equipment by people who come into contact with harmful substances.
- Prevention of frequent trauma to the epidermis.
- Correct treatment of skin lesions( wounds, abrasions, bites).
- Increased immunity.
If you do not start treatment of this inflammatory process in time, it will penetrate deep into the follicle.Deep folliculitis will begin to develop, which threatens the formation of small scars on the skin after healing of abscesses.
For this disease, the prognosis is quite favorable.
- If the timely treatment of the disease is effective, the condition is improved within a few days.
- In case of untimely treatment of a dermatologist, penetration of the infection into the depths is possible, which contributes to the development of deep folliculitis.
More information on pyoderma will tell this video: