Acute urticaria: classification, symptoms, methods of diagnosis and treatment

August 15, 2017 23:00 | Allergies

If seen on the skin or mucous appearance of blisters, then it is possible that it is urticaria.You should consult a specialist to determine the diagnosis and start therapy on time.Causes, treatment, symptoms of acute urticaria in adults and children, her photo - all this you will find in this article.

Features of the disease

Hives demonstrates itself the appearance on the surface of the skin of characteristic blisters.This kind of reminiscent of the consequences of contact with the nettle.In addition to dermal surfaces, the disease can also cover mucous membranes.

Urticaria is also defined by the form of manifestation as:

  • acute type of disease,
  • is a chronic type of manifestation.

Their main difference in the duration of the active phase.Acute hives can pass for a period of six hours to a month.This type of disease in comparison with the chronic form is more common. But if you do not turn in time for help with acute urticaria, then it can change the form of manifestation to a chronic course.

Eruptions appear, and if the allergen is identified and excluded from the life of the patient, then it can happen that the body's reaction to it passes without a trace.

Acute hives are discussed in this video:

Classification

Types of the disease

Acute hives are a variant - Quincke's edema.It is also called giant urticaria.This kind of illness is dangerous because the skin or mucous develops swelling, which can have significant dimensions.If this phenomenon develops in the larynx, then in the absence of urgent medical care, the patient may die.

There are also such kinds of diseases:

  • spontaneous urticaria - occurs for unknown reasons,
  • physical urticaria - caused by various phenomena of a physical nature:
    • warm,
    • vibration,
    • sunlight,
    • with mechanical pressure,
    • cold;
  • cholinergic urticaria - occurs as a reaction of the body to emotional stress;
  • aquatic urticaria - appears as a result of contact with water.
  • atypical urticaria - rashes do not cause discomfort and have a linear form.

Localization of rashes

Acute urticaria-1 The location of the rashes can be:

  • on the trunk,
  • on the limbs,
  • on the face;
  • can be affected by the mucosa:
    • of the larynx,
    • of the nasopharynx,
    • of the tongue, lips.The

      causes the body to respond in the form of blisters, which is defined as acute urticaria.

      • is a food containing substances that can be allergens to sensitive people:
        • seafood,
        • Eggs,
        • chocolate,
        • fruit,
        • products, which contain artificial colors;
        • nuts;
      • medications containing:
        • sulfonamides,
        • hormones,
        • B vitamins,
        • penicillins;
      • The disease can be as a consequence of other disorders:
        • anaphylactic shock,
        • dysbacteriosis,
        • poisoning,
        • hepatitis;
      • substances that initiate an allergic reaction:
        • cosmetics,
        • pollen plants,
        • sera,
        • substances that enter the body when bitten by insects.

      Appearances of pathology in some people cause external influences:

        • cold temperatures,
        • vibration,
        • warm temperatures,
        • sunlight.

      Symptoms of acute urticaria

      The most striking feature of the disease is a rash that looks like blisters of different sizes. In some cases, the blisters are very small - a few millimeters.And the largest formations on the skin are a few centimeters.

      They are solid to the touch and have a reddish color of different saturation.The blister can also be red or white with a rim.If the acute form of the disease was not treated in time, then sometimes the progression of the disease led to the fact that the blisters merged into one large red spot.

      Characteristic for urticaria eruptions are accompanied by a very troubling person itching.Also there is a puffiness in these places.

      Acute hives have general symptoms:

      • slight chills,
      • headache,
      • muscle aches,
      • weakness,
      • aches,
      • vomiting,
      • fever.

      Diagnosis

      To determine whether a rash is an acute urticaria, perform the following actions:

      • the patient is recommended to pass the tests:
        • for a general urinalysis,
        • for a general blood test;
      • biopsies a small area of ​​skin separated from the rash;
      • tests are performed in addition to this to determine the allergen:
        • radioallergosorbent test,
        • provocative samples:
          • aqua test - carried out with water, the temperature of which is changed;
          • cold sample - the reaction of the body to a low temperature with the help of ice is checked;
          • a solar test - it is investigated, whether the allergy on solar beams appears;
          • thermal test - check for heat.

      It is very important to determine to what effect the body responds with an allergic reaction.Next, you will learn how to cure acute urticaria.

      Treatment

      Acute urticaria-1 Help should be provided as soon as the acute urticaria has manifested itself.The first action after the detection of the allergen that initiates the disease, the exception of the use of this allergen.

      Emergency care

      If treatment is not started on time, then the development of the disease may make it necessary to hospitalize the patient.Especially if there are signs of Quincke's edema, then they resort to urgent delivery to the hospital in order to prevent a situation that threatens the patient's life.About how to act with such edema, we tell you separately.

      Read more on how to treat acute urticaria by the therapeutic method, read below.

      Therapeutic method

      • In cases of acute disease, purgative enemas are prescribed.
      • The patient may be recommended a diet for acute urticaria, which does not have products that are seen as allergy provokers.The diet thus promotes the removal of harmful substances from the body.
      • Patient advised to avoid stress and lead a quiet lifestyle.

      Medication method

      Gels and ointments are prescribed against itching.Recommended use:

      • antihistamines:
        • zirtek,
        • terfenadine,
        • kestin,
        • astemisane;
      • Calcium gluconate,
      • is used to relieve swelling if the case of a more severe manifestation of the disease is treated with corticosteroids.

      Specialists can use the injection method.An injection containing immune cells is injected under the patient's skin.

      Folk methods

      Some herbs are suitable for the treatment of acute urticaria.Use advice only after consultation with an expert.

      recommended to use infusions:

      • valerian,
      • mint,
      • motherwort,
      • sage.

      Infusions drink before taking meals three times a day.For external use, a weak tincture of calendula is suitable.

      You can read about what you can eat with acute hives, below.

      About Traditional methods of treatment of hives tell this video:

      Diet

      should be included in the menu of dishes from the products:

      • fruits and vegetables light shade:
        • zucchini, cabbage,
        • cucumbers,
        • bananas,
        • pear.
      • lean meat:
        • rabbit,
        • turkey;
      • fermented milk products,
      • wholemeal bread,
      • can use vegetable oils.

      Patients are advised to eliminate from the diet products that have proven themselves as potential allergens:

      • honey,
      • chocolate,
      • sodas,
      • smoked,
      • mushrooms,
      • eggs,
      • pastries,
      • spices,
      • fried food.

      disease prevention

      Hives

      To avoid a negative reaction to an allergen, it is necessary to find out exactly what acts as an allergen and eliminate this situation.

      • If the response to any kind of food - do not eat it,
      • in case of allergies to medicines - not to take the ones that cause a negative reaction;
      • if the human body responds to mechanical influences: heat or cold, sunlight - you should consider this in your behavior.Do not, respectively, overheat or supercool, is under the open sun and so on.

      Complications

      • disease can cause dangerous consequences, if the symptoms are exacerbated.Acute hives have a variety - Quincke's edema, when a( swellable) edematous area appears.If such a phenomenon occurs in the larynx, then the situation can lead to a fatal outcome.We need urgent medical help.
      • Also, the presence of an allergen in the human body can trigger anaphylactic shock.To get out of this state, you need an ambulance.

      Forecast

      The disease usually has a positive prognosis.Acute urticaria, if you remove the factor that caused it, can go completely without trace in a few hours.

      If the time does not respond to the symptoms of the onset of hives, then it can develop into a chronic form.

      The difference between acute and chronic urticaria is discussed in this video: