Combined aortic heart disease: light, combined

August 12, 2017 15:31 | Acquired Defects

Associated aortic heart disease refers to acquired defects.Most often they suffer from men.In the absence of adequate treatment, it can have very undesirable consequences.Combined heart defects are often confused with combined, but this is not correct.How to overcome a combined aortic valve defect, read in this article.

Features of a combined aortic heart disease

Combined aortic heart disease is a pathology that combines abnormalities in the structure and function of the main circulatory system.The first violation is associated with a decrease in the aortic duct when it leaves the heart, called stenosis of the aortic aorta.The second concerns the valve of the aorta, which carries the function of carrying out the blood barrier at its reverse current. Valve flaps are unable to completely collapse and blood can rush back to the heart. Such functional pathology is observed in the phase of ventricular diastole in the left part of the heart.

  • Combined aortic heart disease develops in men after the onset o
    f rheumatic diseases of organ systems with a predominance of inflammation in the heart.
  • Women are more prone to other varieties of aortic malformations.

Typology of the disease

The disease progresses with the predominance of one or another type of pathology, which is the basis for the isolation of two forms of the disease:

  • combined aortic disorder with predominant development of aortic stenosis in a narrow aortic lumen or normal;
  • combined aortic malformation with predominant development of regurgitation( aortic valve insufficiency) with a pronounced aortic narrowing or without a change in the lumen of the trunk.

The pathology of the associated defect has 5 stages of progress:

  1. The first stage is characterized by complete compensation of the defect.The patient has no complaints, when studying the condition of the left ventricle, his moderate hypertrophy is revealed, there is no hyperplastic condition.
  2. In the second stage, the patient does not feel pain and discomfort in the heart area, but anatomical disorders occur: left ventricular hypertrophy is quite pronounced, the size of the left ventricle is larger than that of a healthy person.
  3. If the left ventricular hypertrophy is expressed in a sharp degree, and the size of the heart chamber has a clear increase, the patient is diagnosed with the third stage of a combined aortic malformation with moderate coronary insufficiency.
  4. Cardiologists set the fourth stage for left ventricular failure.The patient swells lungs at this stage of a combined aortic defect, there are frequent attacks of bronchial asthma.Mitral valve insufficiency is noted.
  5. The last, the fifth stage, states decompensation in the entire large circle of the patient's blood circulation.

You can find out how a double valve is shown in a combined aortic heart disease from the following video:

Reasons for the development of the pathology

The cases of detection of concomitant spleen of the heart do not have any recorded record of the inherent nature of the pathology, I.e.The acquired character of the pathology has an absolute value. The appearance of this type of blemish may be caused by the following reasons:

  • disrupting the functioning of internal organs with predominant heart damage of rheumatic character;
  • Inflammation of the inner membrane of the heart of an infectious nature - infectious endocarditis;
  • deposition on the inner wall of the aorta of atherosclerotic plaques - atherosclerosis of the aorta;
  • with syphilis( an infectious disease that has a source of infection - a pale treponem via the genital tract) in the initial stages of the disease, the skin and mucous membranes are affected.When untimely treatment of the disease, nodes with a pale treponema in the center and surrounding connective tissue membranes in the nervous system and internal organs are formed.One of these nodes can penetrate the aorta, forming a larger growth and causing, in time, a combined aortic defect.

Symptoms of the disease

Aortic heart disease Complaints of patients with a combined aortic defect are associated with signs of both narrowing of the artery( stenosis) and deformation of the valves of the aortic valve. The load in the reverse flow of blood and the problems of its movement from the heart to the aorta at the initial stages of the disease is left to the left ventricle, which is able to withstand such an increase in work, without letting the body know the pain and discomfort.Symptoms of a developing defect with predominance of aortic or valve damage are determined by the form of the disease.With pronounced signs of one of the violations in the cardiologist's task is the discovery of another disorder, symptomatically manifested less rapidly and intensely.

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The opinion of doctors. .. & gt; & gt;The general symptoms of a combined malformation may be as follows:

  • sensation of increased heart beats and pulsations in the cervical region.