Diagnosis of polyps, diagnosis, research on suspicion, determination of how to detect polyposis?
If the patient is diagnosed as polyps in the digestive tract, this can not be called a mere trifling disease.Tumor-like formations that grow from the mucous membrane of the stomach or intestine( less often the esophagus), give the person a lot of physiological problems.
The most terrible thing in their presence on the walls of the digestive organs is that they grow very quickly, they become malignant and degenerate into cancer.Therefore, if they are found in the gastrointestinal tract of these neoplasms, an urgent operation is required to remove them.
Once it is performed, the patient needs constant observation from a specialist with all the diagnostic tests that are expected with a diagnosis such as polyps.This is considered necessary due to the fact that once detected and removed neoplasms are prone to re-growth.
What diagnostic tests are needed for polyps?
When there is a suspicion of the presence of these tumor-like outgrowths in the intestine or stomach, the diagnosis from the patient's words,
Single benign neoplasms or their clusters that indicate the development of polyposis are detected only by special diagnostic methods that are performed by a specialist in a hospital setting.
The diagnosis indicating the presence of polyps is confirmed by endoscopic( colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy), and x-ray( irrigoscopy) research methods.If there is a suspicion of the presence of these defects in the digestive organs, only such methods can confirm or disprove it.
With the help of endoscopic equipment it is possible not only to determine the presence of individual polyps or their clumps( polyposis) in the hollow digestive organs and to diagnose it accordingly.When using this method of diagnosis, you can also take, if necessary, to confirm the suspicion of malignancy of the tumor, a piece of damaged tissue.
It is necessary in order to reveal under the microscope the histology of the pathology and to determine the nature of the tissue corresponding to this polyp.This also provides significant help in determining the exact diagnosis that corresponds to this neoplasm.
Diagnosis with the endoscopic method also makes it possible, when confirming the suspicion of the presence of these benign outgrowths in the digestive organs, to carry out therapeutic therapy, consisting in removing the polyp and cauterizing the remaining bleeding vessel in its place.
Is it possible to detect polyps with a colonoscopy?
Also, in order to determine the presence of these abnormalities in the digestive organs, specialists often resort to a colonoscopy, which makes it possible to examine simultaneously the entire length of the intestine( 1.5 m), and to accurately detect the presence of defects in it.
The possibilities of colonoscopy for the diagnosis of polyps are as follows:
- With this procedure it is possible to assess the general condition of the intestine;
- Consider any defects that have occurred in this body, displaying their image on the screen;
- In those places of the intestine where there are pathological changes, it is possible to make a biopsy for the most accurate definition of the good or malignancy of the ongoing pathological process;
- To perform small operations on the walls of the intestine to remove small in size defects, as well as to cauterize, which started to bleed the vessel, thus eliminating the cause that caused intestinal bleeding.
From all of the above, it can be seen that this method of research is the most informative and gives very great opportunities for identifying the disease.Therefore, he is given the greatest preference by all specialists.
What causes suspicion of a diagnosis of "polyp"?
In the digestive organs, it is rather difficult to determine the presence of this pathology with respect to the corresponding symptomatology, since the tumorous neoplasms rarely show themselves.Usually the following signs may indicate their presumed presence:
- Painful sensations in the abdomen, epigastrium or behind the breastbone, sometimes giving back and not often of a pronounced character;
- Presumably, spotting in vomit or feces may indicate a diagnosis of polyps;
- The presence of an unpleasant aftertaste in the mouth, heartburn and eructations can also contribute to the detection of tumors.
In addition to these symptoms, when confirming this diagnosis, fast saturation can often be observed, as well as a significant decrease or total absence of appetite, general weakness and fatigue.But in connection with the fact that all listed signs are not specific, but common, the exact diagnosis, indicating the presence of polyps, can only be supplied by a doctor.
For the most part, the diagnosis that corresponds to this disease is made after the accidental determination of the presence of polyps on the walls of the stomach or intestine.Usually this happens in the case when a diagnostic study is carried out for any inflammatory diseases of the digestive system.
The very signs of polyposis of the digestive tract organs are sufficiently lubricated and resemble inflammatory diseases of the stomach or intestine.Usually, this does not bring patients much embarrassment and does not force you to see a doctor urgently for an accurate diagnosis, and the risk of untimely detection of polyps leads to their proliferation and transformation into cancer.
Therefore, even the slightest signs corresponding to this diagnosis, which are usually dismissed, considering them an ordinary digestive disorder, are the reason for an immediate reference to a specialist.
This is necessary in order to pass the necessary diagnostic tests as soon as possible and confirm, or omit the suspicions that are present, indicating the presence of polyps.
Such a method will make it possible in time to detect the polyps in the patient, make the appropriate diagnosis, and begin timely treatment, which will not leave the pathology of the chances for further development.