Types and stages of polyps of the stomach, rectum, intestine, which are?
Polyps are formed benign neoplasms on the walls of various organs.What is interesting is that polyps can form literally on any part of the organ on which there is a mucous membrane.Where can this neoplasm be found?The organs that have undergone similar formations are the uterus, the gall bladder, which make up the digestive tract, including the intestine, and the stomach, and the rectum, the bladder.
By themselves they are not dangerous.About them, a person can not even guess.Unfortunately, there is a downside to the coin.Such a benign tumor can develop into another stage, up to cancerous, malignant formation, which threatens with death.
What are the types and stages of colon polyps?
Such formations in the rectum occur quite often.They can be safely called benign neoplasms.They occur both in adults and in children, and in equal proportions.There is also a disease such as polyposis of the rectum, inherited.In this case there is a very high probability that they will be transformed into the next stage
Types of polyps in a quantitative series: diffuse, single and multiple.There is also what many doctors call a pseudopolyposis.It happens, this is when the person begins to separate the mucosa as a result of a prolonged inflammatory process.You can confuse, but the second option is more calm and not so disturbing.
Reasons for the appearance: inflammation, fecal occlusion, circulatory disorders.Secondary causes are irregular or irregular nutrition, poor ecology, a loaded environment, negative emotions and, of course, lack of exercise.
Symptoms are usually either mild or nonexistent.Often a person does not notice any tightness, despite the presence of polyps in the body.Symptoms: discomfort, with the exit of feces from the anus, a person may feel pain or notice the presence of blood secretions.
Often the detection of formations is completely random, when a person undergoes a routine examination.A doctor-proctologist can detect such a tumor.Treatment of polyps of the rectum is exclusively surgical.Remove polyps can endoscopically or through the anus.Remote bodies must be sent for analysis in order to be carried out by experts on the type and stage of development.
Types and stages of polyps in the stomach
In the stomach such neoplasms form on the walls of the mucous membrane.Such neoplasms are considered benign.Their size is usually no more than 3 cm.
There are many reasons for the appearance of such tumors.First, it is heredity.Secondly, long-term inflammatory processes of a chronic nature can play a role.Thirdly, in this case, age matters.Where they can not appear, they can not, so in any case this something preceded and a qualitative examination of not only the disease itself, but also the cause, its kind and stage is necessary.
Types of polyps in the stomach: villous, mixed and tubular.By the quantitative type, they can be divided into types: multiple and single.Anyway, such formations, it happens, grow into malignant tumors in the shortest possible time.Close attention is required by those who were formed by the neoplastic character.
Common clinical signs of polyps in the stomach at an early stage: dyspepsia, pain in the upper part of the abdominal region.Dyspepsia often manifests itself in the form of vomiting, nausea, lack of appetite, heartburn and belching.On a more complex stage of the disease, there are emerging clots of blood through the anus and the mouth.
There are also cases of pinching the polyp in the duodenum.In this case, all clinical symptoms increase in their severity, plus pallor and weakness are added.And the pain sometimes becomes unbearable.
Treatment in this case is prevention.In turn, prophylaxis is regular and regular nutrition, annual examination and taking medications that reduce the risk of swallowing.
Treat existing ones with surgical intervention, thus the surgeon eliminates the risk of their malignancy and proliferation.
Types of polyps in the intestine
Their appearance on the walls of the intestinal mucosa is very disturbing.All due to the fact that they grow at high speed, sometimes even blocking the whole way.Similar tumors in the intestine grow very quickly, passing into a new stage, which has a malignant character.The reason is rather trivial - this is a prolonged course of chronic inflammatory disease.
Clinical symptoms at an early stage: constipation, blood and mucous discharge in the stool.Everything basically depends on what stage of development the polyps are and what kind they are.The size affects the symptoms.At small sizes, people can not feel discomfort.At large sizes, the first bells begin, but already at a serious stage of development, when the intestine is completely blocked by polyps, the formation of intestinal obstruction occurs.In this case, the consequences will be very disappointing.Pain and itching can also occur when trying to stool.
There is a certain age when the risk of finding such a disease is very high.This age starts at the level of 50. In this case, proctologists advise not to avoid meetings with them, but increasingly to take surveys.
Treatment will also depend on the size of the polyps and what they look like.Small formations are removed much more easily than large ones.At the same time, removing them once, will require constant monitoring, since there is the possibility of a new education and the transition to the next stage.Often, if you ignore the recommendations and advice of specialists, you can get significant consequences.The transition of education from a benign stage to a malignant stage is very small and rapid.