Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency - symptoms and treatment

August 12, 2017 15:30 | Pancreatitis

Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency Exocrine insufficiency is a disorder of the pancreas, in which the amount of juice produced by it is not sufficient for a normal digestion process.As a result, the patient feels constant discomfort, accompanied by nausea and diarrhea.At the same time, nutrients contained in food are not fully absorbed, or do not enter the body at all, a person feels constant weakness and quickly grows thin.

The cause of insufficiency of exocrine function can be various diseases of the pancreas, as well as the stomach, duodenum and gallbladder.

The most common symptoms of exocrine insufficiency are observed in chronic pancreatitis, during which irreversible changes occurred in the tissues of the pancreas, partial resection or other surgical interventions were performed.


Also the cause of exocrine insufficiency can be alcohol abuse, prolonged malnutrition and starvation, long unbalanced diets in which monotonous nutrition is recommended, aimed at reducing body weight.

To cause exocrine insufficiency, so-called concom

itant diseases of the digestive system, at which resection of the stomach, gallbladder, etc., was performed.


It is possible to diagnose and determine the presence of exocrine insufficiency only on the basis of laboratory tests.If this disease is nevertheless established, it is necessary to ensure constant monitoring of blood sugar level, thus preventing the development of diabetes mellitus, the risk of which is especially high against the background of exocrine insufficiency.

The aim of the treatment should be to eliminate the causes that caused the disease.If it is a question of errors in nutrition and alcohol abuse, you should completely exclude any drinks containing ethyl alcohol, even in small quantities, including high-quality wines, beer and champagne.

The diet should be balanced, consisting of products that are "loved" by the pancreas, enriched with vitamins A, C and E. Alkaline mineral waters that reduce the acidity of the gastric juice, as well as herbal teas and decoctions, should be present in the diet.


To improve digestion, enzymes are also prescribed, similar in composition to the juices produced by the pancreas.