Pancreatitis and ZHB( gallstones, cholelithiasis), diet and nutrition
A cholelithiasis, sometimes called a CSF, is characterized by stone formation in the gallbladder.This is due to malnutrition, genetic predisposition, metabolic disorders, infectious diseases.
Physicians have established a close relationship between pancreatic inflammation and LMD for a long time, explaining the reason for this fact, the general functions and the proximity of the organs to each other.
But the doctor-doctors, continuing the research to clarify what mechanisms cause pancreatitis in the presence of gallstones, "dig out" to the truth.To understand it, it is necessary to understand some features of the structure of both organs.The main duct of the pancreas, as well as the duct of the gallbladder, flows into the duodenum in the region of the Fater's nipple in two ways:
- ducts merge and enter the intestine with one aperture;
- each duct itself discharges into the duodenum;
The first variant of the physiological structure is the fusion of the pancreatic and gallbladder ducts( occurs in 70%
How does the LCD cause pancreatitis
The combined ducts of the organs are constantly interacting with each other, so when the LCB the stone pushed out of the gallbladder, passing the bladder and the common bile duct, "stall" where they merge and enter into the gut.Such a pathology in the disease of CSF occurs most often and is due to the fact that the area of the Faterov's nipple( where the ducts enter the intestine) is the narrowest in the passableness of place in all bile ducts.
The pancreas and liver produce a secret and bile.With exacerbation of the LCB, both liquids entering the canals do not reach the intestine - it was blocked by a stone.The pressure in the ducts rises, which leads to a rupture.The contents fall into the tissue of the pancreas.Enzymes that break down carbohydrates, fats and proteins, while in the duct, are inactive.But when the cells of the gland break, the enzymes are activated, triggering the process of self-digestion of the organ, which causes an attack of acute pancreatitis or pancreatic necrosis - a life-threatening disease.
This is the mechanism of development of pancreatitis, it is observed in cholelithiasis, caused by gallstones, blocking the duct.Doctors for the prevention of pancreatitis and pancreatic necrosis call on patients to remove gall stones from the gall bladder in a timely manner, and be cautious, taking choleretic preparations and preparations having such a diagnosis.After all, you can not predict how the stone reacts to the "persecution", whether it will be able to slip into the duodenum, without getting stuck along the road, causing an attack of acute pancreatitis.
Diet and nutrition for cholelithiasis and pancreatitis
For cholelithiasis and pancreatitis, it is recommended that the amount of cholesterol-containing foods that can be consumed is minimized.Adjusting the cholesterol metabolism in the body means reducing the caloric intake of food.Often, patients with this diagnosis should completely abandon foods such as liver, fatty fish, egg yolk, as well as lard and animal fats.At the same time, the diet of a patient with stones in the gallbladder and pancreatitis should contain foods rich in magnesium salts.This element helps to remove cholesterol from the body, which provokes exacerbation of the LAD.
In order to prevent bouts of LCD, you need a diet that allows you to constantly maintain the cholesterol contained in the bile, in a dissolved state.The diet, which includes mineral alkaline water and vegetable dishes, leads to an increase in alkali in bile, and, as a consequence, the dissolution of cholesterol.It is important to note that for an early recovery of a patient with cholelithiasis and pancreatitis it is important to consume a large number of vegetables, as well as cook only steam, baked and boiled dishes.