Diseases of the stomach and pancreas - gastric pancreatitis, cancer, ulcer, pain - treatment, ultrasound, photo
The stomach is the muscular organ of the digestive system, which is the reservoir for food eaten, in which the chemical reaction of the decomposition of products occurs to fats proteins and carbohydrates.The organ, located in the left hypochondrium next to the pancreas, performs the function of absorption and secretion, producing gastric juice.
The proximity of the location, as well as the overall functional activity of these two organs, presupposes the interdependence of diseases.With stomach gastritis, as a rule, reactive pancreatitis is a concomitant disease, and vice versa, inflammation of the pancreas, can provoke an exacerbation of the ulcer on the mucous organ.Therefore, when the patient complains that his stomach hurts, the doctor will confirm or exclude pancreatitis before prescribing treatment.
Diseases of the stomach and pancreatitis
In case of peptic ulcer, there is a locally pronounced defect in the gastric mucosa caused by the action of bile or pepsin, acids that cause trophic pathology
Gastritis is an inflammatory process of the walls of the organ.The chronic form of this disease is quite common in modern society abusing fast food, diet and alcohol.Constantly sluggish current inflammation, decreased function of pancreatic juice production in gastritis, as well as peptic ulcer often provokes inflammation of the pancreas located in the neighborhood.Doctors even stand out in a separate type - gastrogenic pancreatitis - inflammation of the pancreas on the background of chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, whose treatment begins with the elimination of the underlying cause.
But not only when there is pain in the stomach, the pancreas can become inflamed, the back reaction is also quite common.For example, chronic pancreatitis, a long time flowing in the gland and provoking its exocrine dysfunction, often becomes the cause of the ailments of the main digestive organ.The mechanism of the pathological process is as follows: an insufficient amount of digestive enzymes disrupt the digestive process, so poorly processed food stays in the stomach for a long time, where it is exposed to bacteria.There are fermenting and putrefactive processes that cause both gastritis and relapse of peptic ulcer.Therefore, the treatment of ulcers will not be successful until the doctor has eliminated the enzyme deficiency.
Gastric ulcer and pancreatitis
Gastric ulcer is an acquired chronic disease, during which a ulcerative defect of the mucous surfaces of the stomach is formed.The reasons for the occurrence of such a disease are a huge number.But, leading, experts call the imbalance between the protective functions of the stomach and, so-called, "aggression factors".Simply put, the liquid that it produces can not cope with the produced enzymes, as well as with hydrochloric acid.Often, such a state leads to a common chronic disease, like pancreatitis.Those patients who do not adhere to the prescribed dietary intake, regularly violate the prescribed regimen, and ignore the process of therapy fall into a special zone of risk.
In this case, both diseases progress fairly quickly.And in the absence of proper treatment, the combination of these ailments can cause an even more serious illness, such as cancer.
Often ignoring therapy for gastric ulcer and pancreatitis may lead to the need for surgery.At the time of which, the nerves are cut, which stimulate the secretion of acid in the stomach.
Cancer of the stomach and pancreas
The medical name for cancer is a tumor.It can develop absolutely in any organ of the human body, and later, start metastasizing.That is, lead to the fact that the tumor will develop in other organs.This ability of cancer depends on many factors.In particular, the type of tumor and its stage.In this regard, the neoplasm of which metastases have occurred is called the primary tumor.Themselves are referred to as secondary metastases.However, in fact, it is the same cancer.
As for the simultaneous formation of various tumors in two neighboring organs, such as cancer of the stomach and pancreas, this is rarely found in medical practice.And only in patients who have a serious disorder in the immune system.For example, in the case of AIDS, the syndrome of "lazy leukocytes".It is in this category of patients that there can be simultaneous development of two full tumors in these two organs.
A tumor in the stomach and pancreas can be diagnosed, but one of them is primary, and the second is just a metastasis.
Ultrasound and treatment of the stomach and pancreas
Ultrasonic examination of the stomach and pancreas allows timely diagnosing a variety of various ailments of these organs.During the procedure, the doctor studies the shape, size, organ, its structure and uniformity, the presence of tumors.
This study is rather lengthy and complicated by the fact that the pancreas is located behind the intestine and stomach, which contain gases.For this reason, often before the passage of ultrasound, the patient is strongly recommended to follow a special diet, the purpose of which is to minimize this physiological process.
As for the treatment of the stomach and pancreas, as a rule, it is carried out in a complex way and is aimed at simultaneous therapy of two organs.When prescribing prescriptions, the doctor must take into account the concomitant diseases, the possibility of taking a drug without significant harm to a single organ.Also taken into account the general condition of the patient, age, etiology of the disease, its stage.A specific type of treatment is prescribed and selected individually, after a number of studies, including ultrasound.